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El texto revisa la trayectoria y logros del Instituto de Biomecánica (IBV) y de sus empresas colaboradoras en la participación de programas europeos de apoyo y fomento de la I+D+i y formación en el período 2014-2017.

 

 

A diferencia de lo que se puede pensar “a priori”, la seguridad y la salud de los trabajadores no es cuestión únicamente de los técnicos de prevención de riesgos laborales sino que deben estar implicados todos los estamentos de la empresa. El proyecto realizado en la empresa CEE Dr. Schneider ha permitido, por un lado, formar a los técnicos de prevención en la evaluación de riesgos ergonómicos y la identificación de acciones a emprender para disminuir dichos riesgos; y, por otro lado, dar a conocer al departamento de ingeniería la importancia de un diseño adecuado del puesto (tanto desde el punto de vista dimensional como organizacional) para reducir el riesgo de los trabajadores a sufrir trastornos músculo-esqueléticos. 

 

 

Workers must be conceived as the essential element in the factory environment. From this perspective, both the job and the production planning must be adapted to the skills, knowledge and characteristics of each worker so as to maximize the knowledge and potential of workers in all age groups and in different functions, which simultaneously promotes greater safety in their workstations. On that basis, the “MANufacturing through ergonoMic and Safe Antrophocentric aDaptive workplaces for context aware factories in EUROPE. MANMADE” project encourages the implementation of new models of jobs that are suitable for workers in terms of accessibility, inclusiveness, efficiency and job satisfaction. This approach enhances worker performance and, consequently, increases enterprise competitiveness.

 

The aging of the world population is an obvious reality nowadays. The increase in the population over 65 implies an increase in the number of falls.

According to the WHO, prevention strategies to be adopted by healthcare systems should address the identification of risk factors. In this respect, the Instituto de Biomecánica (IBV), within its line of research on older people, has defined a clinical protocol based on a modification of the Time Up & Go (TUG) test in order to obtain a simple and reliable risk of falling index.

This index is obtained from biomechanical records that make it possible to define a model to classify fall risk. This model is based on gait pattern, balance, muscular power, as well as temporal variables.
Finally, new technological solutions have been developed to apply it in primary care and specialized assistance.

 


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